Edit The Oxford English Dictionary dates the first appearance of the word vampire in English fromin a travelogue titled Travels of Three English Gentlemen published in the Harleian Miscellany in Vampires had already been discussed in French and German literature. After Austria gained control of northern Serbia and Oltenia with the Treaty of Passarowitz inofficials noted the local practice of exhuming bodies and "killing vampires".
During this time, staking people and digging up graves of potential vampires became commonplace, even among the aristocracy. The vampire fervor that sparked this started in in Prussia, where Peter Plogojowitz allegedly returned from the dead and asked his son for food.
His son refused and was found dead a day later from loss of blood. A decade later in Serbia, after the death of Arnold Paole, who had purportedly been attacked by a vampire years before his death, several of his neighbors were killed and it was believed that Paole had returned from the dead to kill them.
This belief in vampire attacks was supported by notable people at the time such as Voltaire and the theologian Dom Augustine Calmet. Slavic In ancient Slavic folklore, vampires are corpses that rise from their graves to feed on the blood of living beings.
They commonly visit the area in which they lived during their life. In more recent Slavic lore, vampires are formed when magicians or amoral people commit suicide or die a violent death.
Unlike the tradititional bats, in Slavic mythos, vampires can take the form of butterflies. Vampires in Russia do not drink blood, whereas in the Ukraine, vampires have red faces and small tails.
As a result of a cholera outbreak in the nineteenth century, many people were burned alive because they were believed to be vampires.
The people in the land that is currently Croatia, had a well-developed vampire mythos in terms of the creation of vampires. They then take human form and rise out of the grave. These vampires are sexually active and can have children.
Another type of vampire found in Crotia, Slovenia, and the Czech Republic are called pijavica. This vampire is a person who led an evil and sinful life and becomes a powerful killer. They normally attack family members. Fire is used to kill these vampires. Alternatively if the pijavica is found in their grave during the day, they can be exorcised and then stabbed in the heart with an iron stake.
Romania Moroi and strigoi are types of Romanian vampires. Strigoi would hunt together in packs and feed off the blood of livestock and people. The strigoi could either be living or dead, the dead ones revenants after death.The History and Folklore of Vampires chronicles how vampires became so popular.
Charles River Editors looks at the history of vampiric folklore world wide, with a strong focus on Europe. What I liked best about the story was how through the ages, the folklore has changed. For instance, the way the Eastern Europeans, other European.
Despite the occurrence of vampire-like creatures in these ancient civilizations, the folklore for the entity we know today as the vampire originates almost exclusively from early 18th-century Southeastern Europe, particularly Transylvania as verbal traditions of many ethnic groups of .
Eastern Europe in the High Middle Ages was dominated by the rise and fall of the Mongol Empire. His influence on philosophical thinking lasted until the Middle Ages, as is shown by citation in the Suda, the massive medieval lexicon.
During this time in the 18th century, there was a frenzy of vampire sightings in Eastern Europe, with frequent stakings and grave diggings taking place in order to identify and kill the potential revenants; even government officials were compelled into the hunting and staking of vampires.
. Like with urban legends, the vampire legend can be changed to fit the situation, which is why certain aspects of vampire legend can be localized and unique to each individual village, while at the same time, as a whole, be spread across most of Europe.
While vampire folklore originated as part of pagan religious traditions across Eastern Europe, the adoption of Roman Catholicism in the 10 th century did not curb belief in vampires throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods.