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Observational learning simply refers to the learning that is achieved through witnessing the behavior and actions of others. That is why responsible parenting is so important: Because observational learning is as central to a child's emotional development Almost all children engage in observational learning throughout their childhoods.
Because observational learning is as central to a child's emotional development as it is, debates regarding the influence of what children view on television, or listen to on the radio, remain as divisive as ever.
Whether excessive exposure to violence on television or in film seriously influences the actions of children is uncertain, but to the extent that observational or vicarious learning or modeling is a major component of mental development, then it would seem that such exposure could adversely affect some children.
Beyond the role of observational learning in childhood is the continued influence of perceived behavior on young and even mature adults.
In this respect, the impact of prolonged exposure to pornography as well as violence is viewed by some as a major contributor to deviant behavior among adults. Again, opinions differ, but it is relevant in discussions of social learning. One of the leading experts on observational learning, Albert Bandura, in his study Social Learning Theory, theorized that people learn behavior patterns by observing others, particularly when the "others" are well-respected, feared, or are otherwise influential figures in a broader sense.
Bandura's most oft-cited experiment is known as the "Bobo doll experiment," in which Bandura studied the reactions of children watching an adult beat a doll.
After the children viewed that violent behavior by an adult, they mimicked it on their own when given the identical doll. As some parents and teachers became increasingly aware of the conclusions of social scientists like Bandura, they began to incorporate "modeling" into their regular conduct, aware that they are being observed by impressionable children who need positive role models and reinforcement.
In this respect, observational learning is used in everyday life by many adults. How authority figures respond to adversity, in particular, is instrumental in how children and adults learn to behave.
Children learn through experience and observation that life includes setbacks and obstacles. By witnessing adults respond to such setbacks and obstacles in an appropriate manner, the children are at least exposed to a model worthy of emulating.An experiment by Albert Bandura, showing how children learn behaviour by observing.
This video is made for a school project.
This was the first stand I saw when I got to the vendor area. This chef was selling instant rice: I mean instant jollof and fried rice. Its already cooked and preserved so all you have to do is boil it for about 10 minutes if you're hungry.
On this page you can find a number of links to Bandura stuff, which should be useful. For example, if you go here you can find a summary of the study itself.
Or here for all the past exam questions on Bandura's study.. There is some interactive stuff too. The Theory Of Social Learning Theory - The paper aims to critically evaluate and understand key concepts and theories in regard to moral development throughout life.
Jane Elliott is an educator whose famous blue eyes/brown eyes exercise showed social psychologists (and her students) the impact that racism has on education and how social psychology can be.
The Bobo Doll Experiment was performed in by Albert Bandura, to try and add credence to his belief that all human behavior was learned, through social imitation and copying, rather than inherited through genetic factors.