France was ruled by an absolute monarchy a system where the king was classed as divine — an infallible role King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. The French society was separated into classes or Estates. The first Estate was the Clergy who were extremely rich.
At first they are moderate in scope, then they become radical to excess and finally they are brought to abrupt conclusions by the emergence of a strong man to restore order. The revolution, which lasted from toalso had far-reaching effects on the rest of Europe.
However, it ended supreme rule by French kings and strengthened the middle class. The revolution began with a government financial crisis but quickly became a movement of reform and violent change.
In one of the early events, a crowd in Paris captured the Bastille, a royal fortress and hated symbol of oppression.
A series of elected legislatures then took control of the government. Thousands of others met the same fate in a period known as the Reign of Terror. The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte, a French general, took over the government. At the beginning of the revolution, events seemed minor and proceeded in a logical fashion.
One of the reasons the revolution originated was the discontent among the lower and middle classes in France. By law, society was divided in to three groups called estates. The first estate was made of up clergy, nobles comprised the second and the rest of the citizens, the third estate.
The third estate resented certain advantages of the first two estates. The clergy and nobles did not have to pay most taxes. Many members of the middle class were also worried by their social status. They were among the most important people in French society but were not recognized as such because they belonged to the third estate.
The States-General was made up of representatives of the three estates, and had last met in Unwillingly, the king called the meeting. The States-General opened on May 5,at Versailles.
The first two estates wanted each estate to take up matters and vote on them separately by estate. The third estate had has many representatives as the other two combined.
It insisted that all the estates be merged into one national assembly and that each representative had one vote. The third estate also wanted the States-General to write a constitution.
The king and the first two estates refused the demands of the third estate.© Cleveland Institute of Music: Evolution and Revolution the name of the French people July 14, Known as Bastille Day (France’s 4th of July) Random riots throughout the streets of Paris.
Causes of French Revolution Essay examples Before the Revolution, France had been involved in many expensive wars, especially the American War of Independence, causing financial difficulties and debts which were increased through the expensive upkeep of the Royal Family and their courts.
At this time the Age of Enlightenment was occurring. American Revolution Essay.
By Lauren Bradshaw. June 19, You can order a custom essay, term paper, research paper, thesis or dissertation on American Revolution from our professional custom essay writing service which provides students with high-quality custom written papers. The French Revolution Essay Examples.
total results. An Analysis of the Goals of the French Revolution Produced by the Enlightenment. words. 1 page.
Was There's No Other Reason Than to Go to War? words. 2 pages.
An Overview of Edmund Burke's Reflections on the French Revolution. Essay title: Dbq French Revolution The French revolution of had many long-range causes. Political, social, and economical conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people especially those of the third estate.
- In France during the 18th century, there was a system named the Ancien régime, which refers to the societal, economic and political structure of France before the French Revolution. At the top of the pyramid was the absolute monarch Louis XVI.