The Travels of Marco Polo Early examples of travel literature include Pausanias ' Description of Greece in the 2nd century CE, the Journey Through Wales and Description of Wales by Gerald of Walesand the travel journals of Ibn Jubayr — and Ibn Battuta —both of whom recorded their travels across the known world in detail. The travel genre was a fairly common genre in medieval Arabic literature. He states that he went to the mountaintop for the pleasure of seeing the top of the famous height. His companions who stayed at the bottom he called frigida incuriositas "a cold lack of curiosity".
I advised you not to go through the text in order from beginning to end of the whole or part when you write your own essays on a literary work. You will not achieve high marks if you follow this method which can lead to repetitiousness.
Where I have, on occasions, explained parts of the plot where it seemed complex or difficult, you should not do this but should assume that the person marking your essay knows and understands the text and its background.
The advice here concentrates on examination techniques but can be applied to course work and other essays, though these may well be longer and have more paragraphs.
He or she would love to give you that starred A if only you will do the right thing and make your essay stand out from the rest.
For this reason, if you have a choice of texts, it is a good idea to choose one that is less standard: Emma rather than Pride and Prejudice, for example.
Essays about classic literature work is then more likely to be unusual. A small point but vital: Also learn the spellings of technical terms such as simile. I give spelling hints and definitions of technical terms on my blog: When you read the question assuming you have a hour to answer it spend minutes planning.
This may seem too much but it will avoid wasting time on irrelevance. You will not get marks for anything that does not answer the question and it is easy to stray off the point. Let us assume that the question asks: There you have the backbone of your essay.
This key sentence, with a little tweaking and expansion could be your opening paragraph. If you think Emma is not a comic novel, you should still analyse the comic elements. Then map out the skeleton of the essay. It should have paragraphs, each on one of these sub-topics, comic characters, for example.
When you come to write it you might split one of these topics again and have one paragraph on irony and another on wit. Each paragraph should have a topic or key sentence saying what it is about, an expansion of that point and brief quotations or very close reference to back it up.
Do not invent quotations: Your examiner does know the text. It is a good plan when revising to note quotations that might serve several purposes: You never get marks for saying the same thing twice. Write these quotations onto file cards with their relevance underneath and stick them somewhere that you look at frequently.
Now write the essay. No marks are given for material that is off the point or repeated. You will get credit for showing that you are able to see two sides to the argument. The examiner is marking the play of your mind over the material as well as your knowledge of the text.
You might notice my words and phrases such as: There are two methods of introducing quotations: You will see how this is done in my essay on Othello.
Titles of whole texts are in italics in print and can be underlined in your handwriting but your teacher may advise using inverted commas. You do not need to use "I" as the reader knows this is your opinion. Avoid using "one" as it is too formal in modern English but you can use "we" or "the reader".
Do not be arrogant; just be brilliant! Teachers are welcome to run copies off for their students: I should be very grateful if anyone doing so would quote the name of this website: Classics of English Literature:Literature can only be defined by the people with above average intellect, who grasp the writing concept, and understand literature work.
What is literature? Literature is defined, has a history, be written with high intellect, and will forever impact the human race and the people that live through it.
“A classic novel is one that has survived many, many years, received the approval of billions of critical eyes and minds, and has had such value that other authors have been inspired and changed. D.H. Lawrence's Studies in Classic American Literature is by no means a comprehensive analysis of the American classics at the time Lawrence wrote his collection of essays.
Ozymandias. I met a traveller from an antique land Who said: "Two vast and trunkless legs of stone Stand in the desert.
Near them on the sand, Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown. The Federalist, by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, is part of the Barnes & Noble Classics series, which offers quality editions at affordable prices to the student and the general reader, including new scholarship, thoughtful design, and pages.
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