The story of Castlefield Viaduct: So let me ride this passing bandwagon by introducing a soap-star habitually shedding fabric - a Coronation Street regular, witness to romance, thrills, mirth and murder. The area has been a transport hub for almost years - the Bridgewater and Rochdale canals meet here, as do the railways from Trafford Park and Ordsall Lane Junction. Metrolink soars over all of these.
Canals[ edit ] The navigations, canals, roads and railways of Manchester Beforeroads were an impractical way of transporting heavy goods and water transport on the rivers was the accepted method.
The number of suitable rivers was limited. Power to drive machinery was also derived from water but this needed fast-flowing streams where a head could be built up to turn the waterwheels.
Finding the two types of water at the same locality was rare. Castlefield could use the River Medlockas it fell to join the River Irwell to turn the wheels, but the Irwell needed to be improved to make it a safe river to navigate.
Eight locks were constructed between andalong the Rivers Irwell and Mersey; this was known as the Mersey and Irwell Navigation. Short cuts were dug to eliminate the difficult bends. Wharfs were built at Manchester Wharf, Water Street inand if the wind was not in the east small boats could travel from there to the sea.
Today this is a circular structure 7m deep with a foot bridge The Rochdale Canal enters the Basin, under the Castle Street Bridge, behind is lock 92 The Bridgewater Canal was commissioned by Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewaterto transport coal from his mines in Worsley to Manchester.
The actual river was culverted under the basin and emerged by Potato Wharf, then flowed into the Irwell at Hulme Locks. The basin also was watered by ground water runoff, and in times of heavy rain, a weir was needed to maintain the water level. Today this appears as a 7-metre-deep, 7-metre-wide circular sump, crossed by an iron footbridge.
The basin allowed other goods to be transported into the city such as cotton from  and building materials, and food. At that time, major warehouses and mills would cut private canal arms to their buildings, the Rochdale had many. The Manchester and Salford Junction Canal, was cut from the Rochdale under the city to provide the link with the Irwell at Quay street.
This canal remained open untilwhen it was replaced by a lock at Pomona No. These canals did not have the capacity to take boats larger than 1. It has long since gone.
It was first built indestroyed by fire in and rebuilt and extended including a fulling mill on the southern bank and cottages on the northern bank. It was destroyed again by fire in This was a five-storey warehouse with one then two shipping holes.
It was cut back into the Collyhurst sandstone river cliff face to the north of the Medlock. It was designed by James Brindley and incorporated a waterwheel driven hoist system.
The canal arm was continued into a tunnel in the cliff. It was modified and extended in the first decade of the 19th century  when the Rochdale canal was cut behind it.
The tunnel was severed and became an arm of the Rochdale Canal. This was a four-storey warehouse with two shipping holes. On the street side it had six side loading bays topped by wooden catsheads hoods.
It has been badly damaged by fire[ when? The other surviving warehouse is the Middle Warehouse built in by the Manchester Ship Canal company on the south bank, off the Middle Basin canal arm. It was in use to store maize until the s. It has been converted into a restaurant, offices and flats.
It is five storeys plus an attic. The two shipping holes are enclosed in an elliptical blind arch.
It was designed for heavy goods: Inthe Great Northern Viaduct was built over it and the piers modified the canal arms. The New Warehouse was built on Slate Wharf beforeand was the largest. This L-shaped building was built flush with the canal for direct loading, on the street side there were three loading entrances.
This was built with[ clarification needed ] There was no available water to drive the hoists, so for the first year they were manual, but in they were powered by a small steam engine.
This was a trans-shipment warehouse that had railway access on two of its floors, road access and canal arms from the Manchester and Salford Junction canal in the basement.Castlefield is in the southern area of the Manchester City Centre.
The area was a brownfield site and had declining warehouses, mills, offices, contaminated land, unpleasant railway viaducts, unkempt waterways, the Bridge Water Canal and the Liverpool Road Railway Station. The canal basin at Castlefield is crossed by four large railway viaducts dating from , and  The southern viaduct in the group of three is the red brick viaduct of the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway with its cast iron arch bridge over the Rochdale Canal.
In the two viaducts of the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway crossed the area and joined each other, two further viaducts and one mainline station Manchester Central railway station followed. It has a tram station, Deansgate-Castlefield tram st Express yourself.
Organize your knowledge. Expand your mind. Discover the . Castlefield is one of three-dozen listed viaducts on the inventory of British Railways Board (Residuary) - its owner and maintainer.
Predominantly wrought iron, it is a through lattice girder design of around m in length, comprising eight spans. Overview Of Manchesters Castlefeild Viaducts History Essay Overview Of Manchesters Castlefeild Viaducts History Essay.
Waterways into. Castlefield, John C Fletcher. B Overview Of Manchesters Castlefeild Viaducts History Essay Overview Of Manchesters Castlefeild Viaducts History Essay. Waterways into Castlefield. In the two viaducts of the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway crossed the area and joined each other, two further viaducts and one mainline station Manchester Central railway station followed.
It has a tram station, Deansgate-Castlefield tram st Express yourself. Organize your knowledge. Expand your mind. Discover the world.